The European Commission has published a list of 20 raw materials that are critical to Europe’s economy, including gallium, indium and heavy rare earth elements. The list will help set the priorities for mining and recycling activities, support trade agreements and promote research and innovation. Companies dealing with these raw materials will also find the information useful.
The fifth monitoring report on Sustainable Development in the European Union was published by Eurostat last week. This biennialal report gives insights into the actions taken so far by the European Union (EU) to achieve the objectives of the EU Sustainable Development Strategy and their impact, based on a number of sustainable development indicators.
Raw materials are the lifeblood of EU industry. At least 30 million jobs in the EU depend upon access to them. But we face increasing demand for unprocessed minerals and metals and, in parallel, strong challenges to the supply of certain raw materials, including price volatility and market distortions.
The amount of raw materials needed to sustain the economies of developed countries is significantly greater than presently used indicators suggest, a new Australian study has revealed.
Using a new modelling tool and more comprehensive indicators, researchers were able to map the flow of raw materials across the world economy with unprecedented accuracy to determine the true "material footprint" of 186 countries over a two-decade period (from 1990 to 2008).
High-grade global deposits of coal, oil, gas and other minerals are declining to levels where extraction costs will increase dramatically, says Ugo Bardi, energy expert in a new Report to the Club of Rome.
European Commission has launched the European Innovation Partnership on Raw Materials, bringing together Member States and other stakeholders to help make Europe a world leader in raw materials exploration, extraction, processing, recycling and substitution by 2020. To this end, the Commission proposes concrete targets to be achieved by 2020 to reduce Europe's dependency on imported raw materials, to replace rare materials with substitutes and to set up innovative pilot actions, e.g. pilot plants for exploration, mining, processing, collecting and recycling.